The Internews Violence Against Journalists – Afghanistan project visualizes incidents of violence on an interactive map that allows visitors to browse data by geography and year. This map features incident data collected by Nai and also features several overlays that provide users with a rich sense cultural and environmental context. Below you will find more information on the various data sources used to create this visualization.
Individual reports of violence against journalists - 266 in total - were collected by Nai Supporting Afghanistan Open Media, an organization dedicated to supporting independent journalists in Afghanistan through training and advocacy. Included in the data are details about the journalist including their name, gender, occupation and organization. The data also includes information about the specific incident such as the date, location (province), incident type, suspected attacker and motive. We processed this data in collaboration with Nai and Internews to produce a total of incidents by province and year.
The MapsWe created the maps using TileMill, an open source map design studio. The resulting maps are dynamic, highly interactive, and easy to navigate.
The base layer map was developed from the following publicly available data sets:
- Elevation information from the [Shuttle Radar Topography Mission]( http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SRTM);
- Road information from OpenStreetMap and Afghanistan Information Management Services; and
- Provincial and district boundaries from [Afghanistan Information Management Services](http://aims.org.af/).
This layer depicts the relative safety level of each province as described by an index created by Nai Supporting Afghanistan Open Media.
This layer depicts the total number of security incidents per district in the year 2011. Incidents include security-related events including arrests, IED explosions, rocket and mortar fire, demonstrations, drug related incidents, and human remains found. Data provided by the Information Management and Mine Action Programs (iMMAP).
This layer depicts the total number of media outlets per province and includes TV broadcasters, radio broadcasters, newspaper publishers, magazines, new agencies, and other publications and periodicals. Data provided by Nai Supporting Afghanistan Open Media.
This layer depicts the total number of journalists per province in Afghanistan. The data for this layer was provided by Nai Supporting Afghanistan Open Media.
Interactive Contextual Data
The data that appears when users mouse over individual provinces is drawn from several sources:
- Adult Literacy Rates: These figures depict adult literacy rates (age 16 and up) per province and are based on data compiled in 2005 and published in the 2007 Afghanistan Human Development Report (Center for Policy and Human Development, Kabul University, Jamal Mena, Kabul, Afghanistan - Table 2, p 164.).
- Population: These figures are based on data compiled by the [Afghanistan Central Statistics Organization](http://cso.gov.af/en) and published in the 2007-2008 National Risk and Vulnerability Assessment. This is widely regarded as the most accurate estimation of the population currently available.
- NATO Lead Regional Command: The NATO Lead Nation refers to the country which leads the International Security Assistance Force troops for the region of Afghanistan to which that province belongs. This data comes from the NATO International Security Assistance Force website.