Nia office, which supports open media in Afghanistan, asks all media outlets, journalists and experts who appear on media to observe the principles of citizen rights, rules and media ethics. Media outlets should not allow any disarray in public opinion, as well as it does not have to allow the judicial entities to gallop on media outlets.
Mr. General Taaqat, in a round table program on Zhwandoon TV, offended all non-Pashtoon ethnicities with violent and vulgar words. He dictated the Afghan land only to one ethnic group and termed the rest strangers. His statement followed by marches and serious reactions within other non-Pashtun ethnic groups.
Nai believes that right for speech freedom is not explicit; however it is subject to the scope of law. If public statements, by any mean, contains offensive and insulting words and promote ethnic divisions is against the spirit of speech freedom. Such types of statements violets international rules adopted for speech freedom. Media shall be the symbol of national unity, and shall be the place for promoting democratic values, human rights and tolerance.
Note to mention that a current disable condition due to lack of the presence of independent and professional observing entity has lead the media society in Afghanistan towards chaos and anarchy. Based on obvious and clear reasons, unfortunately, MoIC did not attempt to establish the mass media commission which has already been dictated by law. Continuance of the commission’s work that oversees media complaints and violations is against the law as well as its decisions. This has led to a situation where some media outlets take the advantage from the lack and gap of oversight body. Thus, they sometimes violate the law.
Although General Taaqat’s words are notable and he is the one who is responsible to defend his word in legal institutions, but the continuation of such irresponsible statements, promotion of hate and violence, and illegal detentions, can distort the speech freedom in the future. Note to mention that speech freedom can be institutionalized in the rule of law context. As presidential election is just at the corner, and media has the most important role, concerns can raises that the closure of media outlets and detention of journalists will begin, which itself would damage a decade old democratic system.
Nai, once again ask the Afghan parliament that in order to prevent the illegal detentions which is against the media law and pull out of media society towards the anarchy. It has to push the government, and particularly the MoIC to establish mass media commission as it has been dictated by law; otherwise, if any side involved in verbal conflicts, speech freedom will be judged as the ultimate victim