Why can’t the delegations of the two sides talk in Doha? The people of Afghanistan are waiting for peace, but apparently there is no progress in securing peace in Qatar
Members of the Government-Taliban delegation negotiated on the first day of their meeting that, with the exception of the two sides, the third party is not present as a facilitator and mediator during the negotiations; But from the very beginning, a group of representatives from Qatar, Germany, Norway, Uzbekistan and Indonesia has been formed in Doha under the name of Afghanistan Pro-Peace Group.
Challenges and even deadlocks in the negotiation process between two warring enemies to find a peaceful solution to a 40-year war are natural and inevitable anywhere in the world.
Regarding the peace process between the government and the Taliban, it was predicted that the talks would be difficult in a very heavy atmosphere and the achievements would be small. But the current situation, which has led to the involvement of third parties to mediate, reinforces the risk of failure of negotiations at the outset.
The failure of negotiations is not unlikely due to the deep gap between the two value systems and ideologies; But the involvement of third parties in the process calls into question its so-called “inter-Afghan” nature. Independence challenges negotiations, increases the risk of imposing illegitimate demands, goals, and interests on foreign powers, and, most importantly, revives past failed experiences, largely gained through widespread foreign intervention.
It was to be hoped that at the beginning of the peace negotiations, the two sides agreed that no “foreign element” and that a third party would be involved in the negotiation process; Hope that Afghans can finally solve their problems directly and without intermediaries and decide on their political future in an environment free of foreign influence and opinion.
This initial optimistic hope is fading, and it is expected that with the involvement of foreign elements and stakeholders in the game of war and peace in Afghanistan, this process will deviate from its original path as a dialogue between Afghans and experience agreements such as Ben repeated again.
The disappointing important point is that this event once again reminds us of the bitter fact that Afghans are only good fighters against each other and can shed the blood of their brothers and sisters on behalf of other countries and destroy their country, Disrupt development processes and national stability, destroy roads, power poles, bridges and other vital infrastructure; But they can never enter into a constructive and logical dialogue to resolve historical issues without the mediation, persuasion or threat of foreign elements.
What has happened to the current trend in Qatar also confirms the perception that the negotiating parties do not have the necessary independence from the continued influence of foreign powers, and in fact, this trend, before a historic opportunity to resolve it. The long-standing and bloody issues and conflicts between the two sides of Afghanistan are a new opportunity for the constant intervention of rival and hostile powers to gain points and interests in future political and security events in the country.
Apart from the will of foreigners to intervene, as well as the strong dependence of the negotiating parties on foreigners as their proxy forces, another factor that prevents Afghans from having constructive dialogue with each other is the destructive notion that we can Achieving victory and dialogue is a sign of weakness, despair and defeat in the embankments of battle.
In the Qatari process, too, the Taliban often assume that they are the “winners” of the war, and that the government has inevitably given in to negotiations because of its inability to confront that group on the battlefield.
The signing of a peace agreement between the Taliban and the United States also reinforces this perception in that group, and for this reason, the Taliban are not expected to back down from their key demands in the negotiations; Especially since such demands are also the demands of the pro-terrorist regimes in the region.
Given this situation, even if the ongoing negotiations in Qatar do not fail, the chances of the Afghan people achieving their aspirations as a result are very slim; Because the involvement of external elements in this process, practically eliminates the possibility of such an event.