Benarai Sarwari

Peace is the sweet word that every person in Afghan society aspires to achieve it.

In Afghanistan, however, it has become a dream for the people. Over the years, intensive efforts and visions of peace and tranquility that people want have not yet emerged.

Now that Afghans have a chance to get closer to peace, and talks between Afghans have begun in Doha, along with hopes of achieving peace and achieving the term, women are digesting more concerns.

Just as no peace can be sustained without the participation of women, women are concerned about their small role in this process.

Some believe that the presence of limited women in the Afghan negotiating team may not represent all Afghan women, given that the Taliban do not have much rights for Afghan women. Has added to women’s concerns.

Meanwhile, in the conversations we had with women in the media, they are also concerned about the loss of their current achievements and freedoms.

What the outcome of the dialogue between Afghans will be is premature and seems to be a question.

Faiza Ebrahemi

It has been more than 20 days since the so-called intra-Afghan talks, after so many difficulties began in the Qatari capital. But two sides couldn’t agree on a procedure, therefore we can guess how tough these talks are and even a sense of impossibility can be felt.

Having not shared any info on the details of the talks, and what details that have so far leaked to the media are indiscriminate and racist, and faded hopes for a long-standing peace.

As I’m a reporter, and being in contact with people’s opinions daily and also being able to follow what’s going on in Doha, people have lost their optimistic into the outcome of the talks. As other people, I’ll not accept the Taliban’s pre conditions, the current course, there will be no acceptable outcome, I believe as a citizen.

Considering Hanafism as a pillar would be elimination of a large part of this 37m nation and this is a certain show of discrimination. Taliban should know that religious minorities are a certain part of this nation.

After hearing the memories of their dark years, imagining them as part of any future government will be a nightmare, especially they will jeopardize the women’s achievements over the last two decades.

At the end, I want to notice that peace won’t be arrived unless two sides pay sacrifices. Afghan government showed its readiness by releasing all 5500 prisoners, even those who had done big crimes. And now the ball is in the Taliban’s court to show their readiness for peace. We should all know that bringing changes in the official name won’t bring changes.

Marjila Badakhsh

The peace agreement does not mean the end of the war in Afghanistan, but the preservation of an achievement for the United States until the presidential election and the preservation of the republic in Afghanistan.

The fact that it has been a long time since the opening of peace talks between the Afghan government and the Taliban, but no major discussion has taken place in these talks, shows that both the Afghan government and the Taliban and the US are just looking to buy time to achieve their goals, not the peace agreement and the end of the war in Afghanistan. The fact that the war has heated up on the battlefield since the start of the peace talks shows that the Taliban will not end the war any time soon, and will only drag the talks into marginal debates that deviate from the main debate and buy time for themselves to What they should do in the future. Likewise, the United States has taken a silence in order to win the presidential election, and the Afghan government is committed to preserving the republic and uniting all its tribes for the day after the signing of the agreement. The agreement will be signed, but war will never completely end.

Liza Hessari

Peace talks are needed for a country such Afghanistan. 40 years of war keeps everybody needful of peace. But of course, peace process and negotiation should have their own conditions.
For example; human rights, women rights, freedom of expression and….. should be safeguarded during any reconsideration process. The current peace talks that is going on to bring peace and stability in Afghanistan, do not seem to reach to peace in the country. It is because the two sides of the conflict never seek their interest in peace, rather they can see the current conflict for their benefits. Furthermore, no mediators in between of the tow conflict sides have a strong will to put pressure on the sides to compromise for the sake of the people and the country. I think the negotiations will last long with no result.

Giti Sediqi

After decades of war in Afghanistan, beginning of peace talks between Afghans considered as the watershed moment in war for Afghans. Especially, getting Taliban to the negotiation table was so controversial that was accomplished, but in this peace process these are not enough.

The first thing that is too important, is the coherent knowledge of negotiating parties. In my point of view every part has their own knowledge about many values in constitution and other values. According to the Taliban, the constitution must be changed according to the Islam law while they even don’t dare explain these laws. If you ask, Taliban what do you think about economy, politics, or anything; they would say according to Islam law. they should talk about these laws and explain how they understand or realize these laws.

Furthermore, the name of Afghanistan administration is worth mentioning. Taliban said that the name of Afghanistan Islamic republic must be changed to Afghanistan government that in this way the parliament would lose its value.

The last and the important point is that, every side wants to build pressure each other especially Taliban, while peace talks are going on there is war between sides.

Fakhrya Radfar

Why can’t the delegations of the two sides talk in Doha? The people of Afghanistan are waiting for peace, but apparently there is no progress in securing peace in Qatar

Members of the Government-Taliban delegation negotiated on the first day of their meeting that, with the exception of the two sides, the third party is not present as a facilitator and mediator during the negotiations; But from the very beginning, a group of representatives from Qatar, Germany, Norway, Uzbekistan and Indonesia has been formed in Doha under the name of Afghanistan Pro-Peace Group.

Challenges and even deadlocks in the negotiation process between two warring enemies to find a peaceful solution to a 40-year war are natural and inevitable anywhere in the world.

Regarding the peace process between the government and the Taliban, it was predicted that the talks would be difficult in a very heavy atmosphere and the achievements would be small. But the current situation, which has led to the involvement of third parties to mediate, reinforces the risk of failure of negotiations at the outset.

The failure of negotiations is not unlikely due to the deep gap between the two value systems and ideologies; But the involvement of third parties in the process calls into question its so-called “inter-Afghan” nature. Independence challenges negotiations, increases the risk of imposing illegitimate demands, goals, and interests on foreign powers, and, most importantly, revives past failed experiences, largely gained through widespread foreign intervention.

It was to be hoped that at the beginning of the peace negotiations, the two sides agreed that no “foreign element” ‌ and that a third party would be involved in the negotiation process; Hope that Afghans can finally solve their problems directly and without intermediaries and decide on their political future in an environment free of foreign influence and opinion.

This initial optimistic hope is fading, and it is expected that with the involvement of foreign elements and stakeholders in the game of war and peace in Afghanistan, this process will deviate from its original path as a dialogue between Afghans and experience agreements such as Ben repeated again.

The disappointing important point is that this event once again reminds us of the bitter fact that Afghans are only good fighters against each other and can shed the blood of their brothers and sisters on behalf of other countries and destroy their country, Disrupt development processes and national stability, destroy roads, power poles, bridges and other vital infrastructure; But they can never enter into a constructive and logical dialogue to resolve historical issues without the mediation, persuasion or threat of foreign elements.

What has happened to the current trend in Qatar also confirms the perception that the negotiating parties do not have the necessary independence from the continued influence of foreign powers, and in fact, this trend, before a historic opportunity to resolve it. The long-standing and bloody issues and conflicts between the two sides of Afghanistan are a new opportunity for the constant intervention of rival and hostile powers to gain points and interests in future political and security events in the country.

Apart from the will of foreigners to intervene, as well as the strong dependence of the negotiating parties on foreigners as their proxy forces, another factor that prevents Afghans from having constructive dialogue with each other is the destructive notion that we can Achieving victory and dialogue is a sign of weakness, despair and defeat in the embankments of battle.

In the Qatari process, too, the Taliban often assume that they are the “winners” of the war, and that the government has inevitably given in to negotiations because of its inability to confront that group on the battlefield.

The signing of a peace agreement between the Taliban and the United States also reinforces this perception in that group, and for this reason, the Taliban are not expected to back down from their key demands in the negotiations; Especially since such demands are also the demands of the pro-terrorist regimes in the region.

Given this situation, even if the ongoing negotiations in Qatar do not fail, the chances of the Afghan people achieving their aspirations as a result are very slim; Because the involvement of external elements in this process, practically eliminates the possibility of such an event.

Danish Karokhel

Changes in Taliban’s negotiating team demonstrate significance of talks

Date: September 06, 2020

The Taliban have made changes to its negotiating team’s head and some members just days before the start of intra-Afghan talks.

The Taliban’s Spokesperson Zabihullah Mujahid announced the changes on his twitter handler late on Saturday.

He said in compliance to the Taliban Supreme Leader Mullah Habatullah’s order Shaikh Maulvi Abdul Hakim handed over leadership of the negotiating team and Sher Mohammad Abbas Stanikzai would serve as his deputy.

In addition, the Taliban’s Qater Office Spokesperson Suhail Shaheen was replaced by Dr. Mohammad Naeem Wardak.

Experts offered different views regarding why the Taliban brought changes in their negotiating team.

Political Expert Enayatullah Kakar who is considered very close to the Taliban said the appointment of Shaikh Abdul Hakim as chief negotiator showed the Taliban were very serious about intra-Afghan talks.

He said Hakim is the second most senior leader in the Taliban ranks after its Supreme Leader Mullah Habatullah. He served as the Taliban’s head of Ulema and Justice Affairs.

According to Kakar, Abdul Hakim maintained closed ties with the Taliban armed wing and he is very famous among Taliban in Farah, Uruzgan and Helmand provinces.

He said talks under Hakim talks would have vast public support within the Taliban.

Kakar said Hakim is known as a person who listens and looking to this specialty of him one could think that the Taliban would show flexibility during upcoming talks.

Qazi Mohammad Hassan Haqyar, another political affairs expert, said: “I think changes in the Taliban’s team has been made to make it a strong team and ensure the representation of every portion of society.”

He said the Taliban has huge respect to Shaikh Hakim, he has thousands of students and taught in well-known madrasas.

He said Shakih Hakim has been appointed as head of the Taliban’s negosiating team to show that their decisions would be make in line with Sharia.

Referring to the appointment of the Taliban’s new spokesperson, Haqyar said he could speak several languages, got his doctorate degree from Islamabad and is a talented gentleman.

Haqyar rejected the views regarding Stanikzai’s removal and added his home was in Dubai and the government of Qatar had some reservations in this regard. He rejected the view that Stanikzai was removed on the direction of Pakistan.

University Teacher and Political Affairs Expert Waliullah Shaheen said Shaikh Abdul Hakim was the Taliban highest and respectable source of religious interoperation.

He served as head of the Taliban Darulefta. He had role in the appointment of Mullah Umar’s successor and in addition he played role in the removal of Taliban’s internal differences.

He claimed Shakih Hakim is against war and support peace thus his appointment would benefit the peace talks.

Sami Yousufzai, a journalist, said the US and Qatar had reservations over Mullah Abbas Stanikzai’s appointment because his home wa sin Dubai and wanted to shift to Qatar.

Therefore, Pakistan was against Stanikzai’s appointment because he served in the Afghan army and got his education from India.

Abdul Wahed Haidari

Intra-Afghan negotiations and its sidelines

After several decades of war and conflict in Afghanistan, parties involved sat on the negotiations table in Doha, Qatar and it should consider the first-ever peace talks between the Afghan government and the Taliban. This is the first direct talks between the Taliban and representatives of the Afghan government. The militants had until now refused to meet the government, calling them powerless and American puppets.

US-led troops have been present in Afghanistan for nearly two decades and at 19 years, the conflict in Afghanistan has been the longest war in US history.

My findings from Doha:

1 – The Taliban are stepping forward very careful against Afghan government. This carefulness is more about those issues that have a religious aspect. The reason for this is to keep the morale of their soldiers alive in the battlefields. Taliban’s leaders said that their presence in Doha was made possible by the efforts of their militants and commanders in the battlefield. Their fear is that if they move a little against their Islamic ideals at the negotiating table, their fighters will turn away from them. Taliban’s leaders have realized that in the current situation, efforts are likely to be made to dismantle the group; Hence, they are more likely stick to the wishes of their warlords and military commissions.

A person once went to Mullah Omar and asked him to allow the girls to go to school according to Islamic Sharia. Mullah Omar was replied that he understand that banning girls from school is against the religion of Islam; But now, if he allows them, the military commanders will accuse him of surrendering to the West and will turn away from him. This shows that even Mullah Omar was afraid of military commanders during his lifetime.

2 – Pakistan says Afghan talks are producing positive results, and a government based on Islamabad’s will soon be formed in Afghanistan, which has strongly made India concerned. Indian leaders believe the Taliban are close to Pakistan and that Afghanistan’s future government which is currently under discussion in Doha will be in detriment to India. India is trying to sabotage the talks in every possible way, and Iran is seeking to disrupt the US withdrawal from Afghanistan, and wants to keep the US busy in Afghanistan so that Tehran can do better in Yemen and Syria.

China is also waiting for Pakistan to fulfill its commitment. Sources say that Islamabad has promised Beijing that it will gift the future government of Afghanistan to China, and Islamabad’s diplomatic apparatus is working hard to achieve this goal.

3 – As the stalemate in establishing a dialogue agenda on two disputed issues, the Americans want to put pressure on Afghan government to resolve disputes with flexibility, as the Taliban wants. The United States seeks to make Doha Agreement (US-Taliban Agreement) as the base of Intra-afghan dialogues. Continuing dialogues based on US-Taliban agreement can provide the ground for the establishment of an interim administration. The agreement includes an interim administration with a key Taliban presence. It is also realized by Ashraf Ghani and Abdulllah Abdullah. That is why Ghani opposes the principle of the US-Taliban agreement. He considers it as isolating him from power.

4 – President Ghani has recently said at a meeting that he would not step down at any cost, and would not hand over the country to the Taliban. He explicitly stated that either he would preserve the republic or his dead body would drag out from the Arg (Presidential Palace). Mr. Ghani emphasized that the withdrawal of foreign troops from Afghanistan in May would have no effect on the quality of his governance. He pointed out that if the United States stands against him and puts pressure on his government by cutting financial support, the neighboring countries, the region and even the European Union will support and fund him in maintaining the republic. He cited Iran, Central Asia, China, India and the European Union as opposed to the Taliban regime.

5 – Doha talks have totally stalled. Two sources from Kabul and Doha said that currently, there are no dialogues between two sides and there is no contact between both teams. The main controversial issue is the agreement and religion. Taliban warned Afghan negotiating team, which ended without result, saying that Taliban accept the decision which will make on the basis of Hanafi jurisprudence, otherwise the Afghan government can leave Doha. No meeting has been held between two sides. The Afghan side in Kabul is trying to break the deadlock with the mediation of the US embassy. Apparently, this controversy intensified after its revelation. Both sides are being judged by public people and are trying to put their will on the seats. The flexibility of each can accuse them of being short-sighted among their supporters and weaken their stance in the middle of their psyche.

6 – The Afghan government is trying to indirectly control the media in connection with Doha peace process and the ongoing talks. That’s why, the Afghan government delegations held a meeting with reporters on Saturday without video cameras. The ongoing issues in Doha that the people and media were not yet aware of, have discussed during this meeting. During this meeting, it was emphasized which topics should be public and published in news reports through media. The members of the delegation asked journalists to put pressure on both sides, especially on Taliban, to show flexibility and bring them to the judgment of people.

Najibullah Daqiq

Introduction

Peace is when people are able to resolve their conflicts without violence and can work together to improve the quality of their lives.

Peace has always been among humanity’s highest values–for some, supreme. Consider: Peace at any price. The most disadvantageous peace is better than the most just war. Peace is more important than all justice.

I prefer the most unjust peace to the justness war that was ever waged. There never was a good war or a bad peace.

Peace, however, is also seen as concord, or harmony and tranquility. It is viewed as peace of mind or serenity, especially in the East. It is defined as a state of law or civil government, a state of justice or goodness, a balance or equilibrium of Powers.

My perspective and associated meaning of peace are best summarized through a number of social principles. These have been documented and the evidence given for them elsewhere, as will be noted for each. Peace is one of the most important wishes of Afghans, and government of Afghanistan. In this topic I mentioned about Peace process and negotiation of peace between Afghanistan negotiations team and Taliban group in Doha.

What should Afghans expect from the peace talks on Doha?

Everyone taking in the talks has acknowledged that they will be challenging – there are deep disagreements between the two sides of peace process, and the conflict is still continuing in Afghanistan.  The Taliban was said the Intra Afghan peace process is “good progress” that both sides Taliban and Afghan government were talking rather than fighting and also Afghanistan government hoped for a humanitarian ceasefire and a peace” that accepted and supported by all Afghan citizens”.

But Taliban do not interest to talk about on ceasefire at the beginning of appointment agenda of intra Afghan peace process in Doha; Taliban group said we do not want to talk about ceasefire at the first step of negotiations and we will mention about this issue at the end of negotiations.

Now after fifteen days for appointment agenda for starting of formal negotiation between afghan government and Taliban both side of negotiation can not a specific agreement that we have formal negotiation at Doha.

Is Doha being best place for negotiations of peace process?

Qatar after nearly 20 years of conflict, the Afghan beneath ornate chandeliers in a grand ballroom what expect will be intensely difficult negotiations to shape Afghanistan’s future.

Historic peace talks between the Taliban and the Afghan government have opened in Qatar, with the warring parties meeting face-to-face for the first time to end nearly two decades of conflict.

Qatar is in the east of Arabia, bordering the Persian Gulf and Saudi Arabia, in a strategic location near major petroleum deposits.

But Doha is not a good place for peace negotiation of Afghanistan why? Because us we know better in the foreign policy of Qatar; four countries are most efficient

United sate of America, United Kingdom, France and Reissue. United sate of America is more affective and efficacious whenever America wants something about peace process that will be done.

After that United Kingdom, France and Reissue are three other powerful countries that have effect on foreign policy and big decide of Qatar.

Qatar and the fate of the Afghan government’s peace talks with the Taliban

Past experience of Doha’s in resolving disputes, Qatar cannot be a suitable venue for peace talks between the Afghan government and the Taliban for a number of reasons.

  1. Qatar’s failed experience in resolving of Yemen, Libya, Palestine and northern Ireland.
  2. Qatar’s non-neutrality in resolving conflict
  3. Improper relationship of Qatar with a number of regional actors like Iran, Saudi Arabia, Russia and some others countries.
  4. No executive guarantee in negotiation.

My opinion and also that I had searched about of conflict resolution models of peace and I wrote a topic about this issue at 8subh_daily Newspaper one month ago that follow link (https://8am.af/conflict-resolution-models-for-afghanistan-and-the-prospects-for-the-doha-peace-talks/)

And also, I wrote a topic about Qatar’s foreign policy in resolving the conflict and Doha’s role in the afghan-peace talks at 8subh_daily Newspaper about 5 days ago. In this link (https://8am.af/qatars-foreign-policy-in-resolving-the-conflict-and-dohas-role-in-the-afghan-peace-talks/)

Because of that facts that I mentioned in this topic Doha is not perfect and best place for negotiation of peace process between two sides of conflict Afghanistan government and Taliban group; I think based of those facts that I founded from all angles Germany, Norway and some other neutral countries with executive guarantees can be best options for continuing the peace process and achieving the aspirations for Afghanistan.

Shahhussain rasuli

Afghanistan government and Taliban after four decades came together for seeking a way for peace. For the first time Taliban and US got an agreement nine month ago.

Many challenges still stand in the way of a successful outcome to these negotiations and to ending the United States’ longest war.

After lengthy negotiations, the U.S.-Taliban agreement and U.S.-Afghan government joint declaration were signed in February 2020. These agreements have been seen as necessary and important first steps to intra-Afghan negotiations but they do not guarantee that intra-Afghan negotiations will be successful.

Mullah Abdul Ghani Baradar, leader of the Taliban delegation, signs an agreement with U.S. Special Representative for Afghanistan Reconciliation Zalmay Khalilzad in Doha, Qatar, on February 29, 2020.

The agreement follows more than eighteen months—and nine rounds—of peace talks, involving Khalilzad, representatives from the Taliban, delegations from the Afghan government, and numerous other special representatives or envoys from neighboring or regional countries and international organizations. The signing of the deal was preceded by a seven-day reduction in violence agreement that was seen as a test of the Taliban’s ability to control its forces.

The Taliban agreed that it will not threaten the United States or its allies, and that it will prevent armed groups and others in Afghanistan from doing the same.

Eventually Intra-Afghan negotiations were notionally scheduled to begin on March 10, 2020.

After years of waiting, the Afghans have finally engaged in negotiations. Representatives of the Afghan government and the Taliban movement met in Doha, Qatar, on Saturday. It was a great time that I have been in Duha wile intra afghan negotiations had been started.

The meeting marked the first official contact between the insurgents and the Kabul officials in intra-Afghan peace talks, which comes six months after the United States signed a deal with the Taliban as part of an exit strategy for American troops.

I had interviewed with so many members of two sides- Taliban and Afghanistan government’s members. At first they were hopeful for starting straight talking but after 15’days, it shows that two sides faced many disagreement on many point as religion “Feqha”.

As a port of journalist and members of Afghanistan I think it is so soon for achieving peace and an agreement between afghan members and Taliban’s negotiators. But it is optimistic that now we have a table which to sides that were enemy for many decades are came together and now they are seeking for a way to get out Afghanistan from crises.

S. Qaymi

Intra-Afghan negotiations and its sidelines

After several decades of war and conflict in Afghanistan, parties involved sat on the negotiations table in Doha, Qatar and it should consider the first-ever peace talks between the Afghan government and the Taliban. This is the first direct talks between the Taliban and representatives of the Afghan government. The militants had until now refused to meet the government, calling them powerless and American puppets.

US-led troops have been present in Afghanistan for nearly two decades and at 19 years, the conflict in Afghanistan has been the longest war in US history.

My findings from Doha:

1 – The Taliban are stepping forward very careful against Afghan government. This carefulness is more about those issues that have a religious aspect. The reason for this is to keep the morale of their soldiers alive in the battlefields. Taliban’s leaders said that their presence in Doha was made possible by the efforts of their militants and commanders in the battlefield. Their fear is that if they move a little against their Islamic ideals at the negotiating table, their fighters will turn away from them. Taliban’s leaders have realized that in the current situation, efforts are likely to be made to dismantle the group; Hence, they are more likely stick to the wishes of their warlords and military commissions.

A person once went to Mullah Omar and asked him to allow the girls to go to school according to Islamic Sharia. Mullah Omar was replied that he understand that banning girls from school is against the religion of Islam; But now, if he allows them, the military commanders will accuse him of surrendering to the West and will turn away from him. This shows that even Mullah Omar was afraid of military commanders during his lifetime.

2 – Pakistan says Afghan talks are producing positive results, and a government based on Islamabad’s will soon be formed in Afghanistan, which has strongly made India concerned. Indian leaders believe the Taliban are close to Pakistan and that Afghanistan’s future government which is currently under discussion in Doha will be in detriment to India. India is trying to sabotage the talks in every possible way, and Iran is seeking to disrupt the US withdrawal from Afghanistan, and wants to keep the US busy in Afghanistan so that Tehran can do better in Yemen and Syria.

China is also waiting for Pakistan to fulfill its commitment. Sources say that Islamabad has promised Beijing that it will gift the future government of Afghanistan to China, and Islamabad’s diplomatic apparatus is working hard to achieve this goal.

3 – As the stalemate in establishing a dialogue agenda on two disputed issues, the Americans want to put pressure on Afghan government to resolve disputes with flexibility, as the Taliban wants. The United States seeks to make Doha Agreement (US-Taliban Agreement) as the base of Intra-afghan dialogues. Continuing dialogues based on US-Taliban agreement can provide the ground for the establishment of an interim administration. The agreement includes an interim administration with a key Taliban presence. It is also realized by Ashraf Ghani and Abdulllah Abdullah. That is why Ghani opposes the principle of the US-Taliban agreement. He considers it as isolating him from power.

4 – President Ghani has recently said at a meeting that he would not step down at any cost, and would not hand over the country to the Taliban. He explicitly stated that either he would preserve the republic or his dead body would drag out from the Arg (Presidential Palace). Mr. Ghani emphasized that the withdrawal of foreign troops from Afghanistan in May would have no effect on the quality of his governance. He pointed out that if the United States stands against him and puts pressure on his government by cutting financial support, the neighboring countries, the region and even the European Union will support and fund him in maintaining the republic. He cited Iran, Central Asia, China, India and the European Union as opposed to the Taliban regime.

5 – Doha talks have totally stalled. Two sources from Kabul and Doha said that currently, there are no dialogues between two sides and there is no contact between both teams. The main controversial issue is the agreement and religion. Taliban warned Afghan negotiating team, which ended without result, saying that Taliban accept the decision which will make on the basis of Hanafi jurisprudence, otherwise the Afghan government can leave Doha. No meeting has been held between two sides. The Afghan side in Kabul is trying to break the deadlock with the mediation of the US embassy. Apparently, this controversy intensified after its revelation. Both sides are being judged by public people and are trying to put their will on the seats. The flexibility of each can accuse them of being short-sighted among their supporters and weaken their stance in the middle of their psyche.

6 – The Afghan government is trying to indirectly control the media in connection with Doha peace process and the ongoing talks. That’s why, the Afghan government delegations held a meeting with reporters on Saturday without video cameras. The ongoing issues in Doha that the people and media were not yet aware of, have discussed during this meeting. During this meeting, it was emphasized which topics should be public and published in news reports through media. The members of the delegation asked journalists to put pressure on both sides, especially on Taliban, to show flexibility and bring them to the judgment of people.

Sharif Amiri

Peace talks began in Doha, Qatar, last month between the Afghan government and the Taliban, even as deadly violence in Afghanistan continues.

Both Afghanistan and the U.S. must avoid mistakes of the 1990s, when Afghanistan descended into a civil war from which the Taliban emerged and gave shelter to al-Qaida leader Osama bin Laden.

This is an opportunity for Afghans to seize the opportunity that is provided to them to negotiate a roadmap where groups of different ideas or ideologies, values, can coexist in the same country. And at the same time, there is a lesson for the United States that they cannot abandon Afghanistan.

as the peace talks are not formally started yet, but after zalmay khalilzads visit from Doha some of Afghans believe that the challenges would end and the intra-Afghan dialogue will start soon.

“The fact that the Afghans are sitting across the table for the first time in 42 years is a moment of hope and opportunity,” U.S. Special Representative for Afghanistan Reconciliation Zalmay Khalilzad tweeted.

 

I think there are several incentives that they have. One is that they would like Amiricans to withdraw. … But at the same time, they would like to be accepted as a legitimate partner in governing Afghanistan. That means they have to agree with other Afghans that they recognize that what happened in the ’90s did not work. It was a failure and that their relationship with al-Qaida resulted in the attacks by the United States in Afghanistan and the Taliban losing power. They don’t want to repeat that.

But the violence level is still very high, Afghan government believe that Taliban attacked on 24 provinces in last 24 hours which caused 54 ANSF causalities.

There have been no attacks on U.S. forces… And they said they will sit with other Afghans, and they are sitting with other Afghans. Now, we will see whether they do the remaining things that are required or not?

Sharif Amiri

Since there are whispers of peace and negotiations for ensuring it, at national and international levels, a frequently asked question in all meetings, conferences as well as in online panel discussions is laid out, and women are the target audience of this question. The people who ask the question are mainly from different institutions and are of democratic nations who have largely honored a deeply democratic sentiment; those who have been peacefully living in the shadow of democracy.

I can certainly say that Afghan women, in particular, civil society and women’s rights activists, have quite often encountered this question. I understand you also tend to know what the question which is now taking the form of a stereotype is.

Not long ago, today afternoon I was confronted with the question once again. Let’s leave my answer to this question for later. For now, I feel like scrutinizing the question itself.

What do you want to sacrifice to attain peace?

To better understand it, we have to have a look at the following questions:

  • What has been leading to this question?
  • Why is it quite often asked from women? / Why women are quite often the target audience of this question? What are –
  • women’s answers to these questions?

The weakest have been the biggest victims of human conflict since time out of mind. Women, as particularly vulnerable group of the society, have been the major victims in situations of men’s conflict. This vulnerable group of the society are confronted so many problems, and throughout the course of life, they have never lived a relaxed life. They live in a society characterized by men and conservative patterns, where men are the key decision-making powers in the life and fate of women.

It seems like even today, in the twenty first century, the situation remains the same.

It can be understood from the drift of the question that women, as compromisers and peacemakers in the society, are seen to be the easiest target victims throughout all the phases of the peace process. Statesmen.

believe they can target/attack women’s rights and their fundamental freedoms and can come to terms with them. We hope them, having a wrong image of the Afghan society and the realities within it, they would not have been testing us.

Over the last hundred years, the Afghan nation, in particular women, have been fighting to obtain their rights and have paid a high price for it.  It would be a severe injustice if women were once again made to pay the price for peace at cost of losing their lives.

The war-devastated country has been simmering in blood for 40 years. Women have long been living in a country, which is emerged as the most unsafe place for them to breathe and to live in. They have adapted to different life conditions—low income and facilities. It is forty years that Afghan women have been suffering physical and mental breakdowns; what war has gifted them. They are not alive, but they are not dead too—they are not living at all. But they have never gave up on their dreams of building this country despite it was a battlefield for combatants and seen as a competition among others. Women were enrolled to schools; they gained access to higher education and acquired knowledge; they entered labor market and joined workforce, and even, provided work opportunities for other men and women.

Speaking at a meeting with civil society activists two weeks back, the government Attorney General, Farid Hamidi said that as many as 4,000 applicants applied for 17 vacancies in one of the provinces of the country, which represents a change over the last two decades.

I believe the Afghan women have sacrificed for four decades; now, they have nothing left to lose. Women’s access to education, their socio-political participations as well as the right to work—is it too much in demand?

In all Muslim countries around the globe, women are actively participating within their societies. To illustrate this, Indonesia and Malaysia in the south-east of Asia, the west-African Morocco and other Muslim countries—all recognize women’s rights to access education and others of their rights.

In all Muslim countries around the globe, women are actively participating within their societies. To illustrate this, Indonesia and Malaysia in the south-east of Asia, the west-African Morocco and other Muslim countries—all recognize women’s rights to access education and others of their rights, freedoms that the Afghan people have gained.”

Afghan woman decided to stand for their rights and keep their achievement.