Gul Rahman Qhazi, former chairman of the Constitutional Review Commission and current chairman of the Afghan Peace and Salvation Council, which monitors the Afghan peace process and mediates between the government and the Taliban, has recently given advice to the government. He has spoken to members of the Taliban bureau three times, and his views on my question about how he assesses the current state of peace talks are as follows.
I follow the whole process and realize that the parties to the war in this country are not able to eliminate each other and the best way to solve the problems in this country is a political solution.
If military action were possible, the United States and its allies would secure peace in Afghanistan, but the war escalated.
The current war in Afghanistan is in the interest of foreign countries and will bring nothing but misery to Afghans.
I think that the Afghan government does not have a clear plan for lasting peace, it is clear that the government has made politics ethnic, and this is the biggest obstacle to peace, and an internal unity has not yet been formed in Afghanistan.
On the other hand, the peace process should be Afghanized and should no longer be managed by foreigners, so that the two sides can agree on common ground and resolve differences.
But I reiterate that neighboring countries, the region and international powers have an important role to play in this regard and must sincerely cooperate in the Afghan peace process because peace in Afghanistan is in the interest of all neighboring countries and the international community.
Despite all the concerns I have mentioned, I am very hopeful that the current peace process will work, because now the way is open for dialogue.
The only current problem is the prolongation of the peace talks, because it can be seen that the two sides are trying to gain more points, but this issue can be resolved, and soon the division of power will be discussed and the constitutional amendment will be discussed in the form of a political system. There is also a fundamental change. I have spoken to the Taliban three times; Twice in Moscow and once in Qatar, the Taliban are calling for a constitutional amendment, and the constitution itself sets out the terms of the amendment.
Of course in three cases; Apart from Articles 1, 2 and 3 of the Constitution and the Chapter on Citizens’ Rights, the Constitution must be amended in accordance with the changes that have been unveiled in the region and the world; Even in the current situation, there is a need to revise the rights and privileges of citizens in the constitution. At present, all civil rights are violated by the government.
The system is likely to change; This option was even mentioned at the Bonn meeting. This issue was also discussed in Doha and it was said that a military is to be deployed that has neither the suffix of republic nor emirate; But be Islamic.
The negotiating team also faces three issues; Disagreements, Agreements, and Contradictions Disputes will be resolved through dialogue and the principle of persuasion; But the contradictions must be left to the third group to find a solution. Also, when a new government comes to power, a constitutional amendment jirga is formed, in which they can consult on the suffix and prefix of the system, which is a republic, or in other words.
But perhaps the most important question is how long we have to wait for peace; One of the main questions is whether peace can be achieved in a day, a week, a year or a decade, but we have to be a little patient because 19 years of war with the Taliban and so many dead and wounded who fell victim to the end of the war. This is not a quick peace, but these efforts must continue and be made possible with the cooperation of the United States and the countries of the region. In most post-war countries that have reached peace, such as Colombia, only secret negotiations have been going on for a few years and then peace has been achieved; So this process will be a bit time consuming.